Custom Toast Message

Custom Toast

This tutorial shows how to create a custom Toast message from a CustomView in xml, and display it in android app. Here the custom Toast will display an icon with white text (displaying current time) in a rectangle with red background and 10dp elevation. Follow the steps given below.

Step 1:¬†Create a new project with name Custom Toast Message and package name com.myexample.mytoast. Select File/New/New Project. Fill the forms and click “Finish” button.

Step 2: Open res/layout/xml (or) main.xml and add following code. Here we will add a Button for displaying the current date and time as custom Toast message.

 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout
	xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
	android:layout_width="match_parent"
	android:layout_height="match_parent"
	android:gravity="center"
	android:padding="10dp"
	android:orientation="vertical">

	<Button
		android:layout_height="wrap_content"
		android:layout_width="match_parent"
		android:text="SHOW TIME"
		android:id="@+id/mainButton1"/>

</LinearLayout>

Step 3: In drawable folder add the icon to be displayed in the Custom Toast message, e.g. ic_info_outline_white.png.

Step 4: Open res/layout/ and create a new layout customview.xml. Add following code in it. Here we will add an image icon and a TextView which will be displayed as Toast message.

 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout
	xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
	android:layout_width="wrap_content"
	android:layout_height="wrap_content"
	android:orientation="horizontal"
	android:background="#FF0F00"
	android:elevation="10dp">

	<ImageView
		android:layout_height="match_parent"
		android:layout_width="wrap_content"
		android:src="@drawable/ic_info_outline_white"
		android:padding="10dp"
		android:scaleType="fitCenter"/>

	<TextView
		android:layout_height="wrap_content"
		android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceMedium"
		android:layout_width="wrap_content"
		android:text="Large Text"
		android:textColor="#FFFFFF"
		android:padding="10dp"
		android:id="@+id/customviewTextView1"/>

</LinearLayout>

Step 5: Open app/src/main/java/package and open MainActivity.java. Add following code in it. Here we define a new class showCustomToast(String). When the Button is clicked, we get the current time and display it as custom Toast message.

package com.myexample.mytoast;

import android.app.*;
import android.os.*;
import android.widget.*;
import android.view.*;
import android.icu.util.*;

public class MainActivity extends Activity 
{
	private Button button1;
	
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState)
    {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.main);
		
		button1 = findViewById(R.id.mainButton1);
		
		button1.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener(){
			@Override
			public void onClick(View v){
				// Get the current time
				String time = Calendar.getInstance().getTime().toString();
				// Show the time as custom toast message
				showCustomToast(time);
			}
		});
		
    }
	
	private void showCustomToast(String _text){
		// First define a new LayoutInflater and use it to create a View from the CustomView
		LayoutInflater inflater = getLayoutInflater();
		View toastLayout = inflater.inflate(R.layout.customview, null);
		
		// Initialize the TextView used in CustomView
		TextView textview1 = (TextView) toastLayout.findViewById(R.id.customviewTextView1);
		
		// Set the text of textview1 to String _text
		textview1.setText(_text);
		
		// Create a new Toast
		Toast toast = new Toast(getApplicationContext());
		
		// Set duration of Toast.
		toast.setDuration(Toast.LENGTH_SHORT);
		
		// Set the View created from CustomView, as view of Toast.
		toast.setView(toastLayout);
		
		//Show the Toast.
		toast.show();
	}
	
}

Output:
Now run the app. Here when the Button is clicked, it displays the current date and time as toast message in the custom view defined.

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